The main chemical constituent of the Tyrian

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The main chemical constituent of the Tyrian

Post by jancancook on Mon Nov 07, 2011 12:45 am

The main chemical constituent of the Tyrian dye was discovered by Paul Friedlšnder in 1909 to be 6,6′-dibromoindigo, a substance that had previously been synthesized in 1903. The dye was thus shown to be an organobromine compound.[18][19] However, it has never been synthesized commercially.[20][21]
In 1998, through a lengthy trial and error process, an English engineer named John Edmonds rediscovered the secret of how to dye Tyrian purple.[22][23] He researched recipes and observations of dyers from the 15th century to the 18th century. He explored the biotechnology process behind woad fermentation. After collaborating with a chemist, Edmonds hypothesized that an alkaline fermenting vat was necessary. He studied an incomplete ancient recipe for Tyrian purple recorded by Pliny the Elder. By altering the percentage of sea salt in the dye vat and adding potash, he was able to successfully dye wool a deep purple colour.[24]

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