The article Jewish Encyclopedia: New Testament

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The article Jewish Encyclopedia: New Testament

Post by jancancook on Thu Mar 24, 2011 2:02 am

The article Jewish Encyclopedia: New Testament states: "The idea of the new covenant is based chiefly upon Jeremiah 31:31-34 (comp. Hebrews 8:6-13, 10:16). That the prophet's words do not imply an abrogation of the Law is evidenced by his emphatic declaration of the immutability of the covenant with Israel (Jeremiah 31:35-36; comp. 33:25); he obviously looked for a renewal of the Law through a regeneration of the hearts of the people." It is mentioned several times in the Mishna and Talmud, and had been used extensively in kabbalistic literature due to the Gematria value of 135 (number of occurrences in Tanakh) being equal to the word HaSinai (הסיני) in Genesis 10:17. Brit also has the numeric value of 612, which is suggested by some to mean that it is the 'first' mitzvah which is true for the Jewish life cycle. The other use is in relationship to the merit of Ruth being an ancestor to King David, with the name again having same gematria as Brit, linking Davidic covenant with that of all previous, since Ruth was a Moabite by birth, and related to Noah also.

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