The book 2 Maccabees, which in the Christian

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The book 2 Maccabees, which in the Christian

Post by jancancook on Thu Mar 24, 2011 2:09 am

The book 2 Maccabees, which in the Christian tradition is a deuterocanonical book of the Bible, focuses on the Jews' revolt against Antiochus IV Epiphanes and concludes with the defeat of the Syrian general Nicanor in 161 BCE by Judas Maccabeus, the hero of the work. It was likely written by a Pharisee or someone sympathetic toward Pharisees, as it includes several theological innovations: propitiatory prayer for the dead, judgment day, intercession of saints, and merits of the martyrs.

The Mishnah is an authoritative codification of Pharisaic law, ediced by Judah haNasi around 200 CE. Most of the authorities quoted in the Mishnah lived after the destruction of the Temple in 70 CE; it thus marks the beginning of the transition from Pharisaic to Rabbinic (i.e. modern normative) Judaism.

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